Sea surveillance: This is defined as “the systematic observation of surface and subsurface sea area by all available and practical means.” For our navy to achieve the desired level of sea surveillance, the government has invested heavily in the acquisition of vessel traffic management information systems (VTMIS) and shore radars. The VTMIS includes the automatic identification system (AIS) already in operation in the country.
Ghana Armed Forces achieve better force readiness through joint training and exercise among the three services. The Ghana Air Force recently established a maritime air wing, and a program is in place for joint training with the navy to promote effective sharing of information within the domain. When that is fully achieved, ships could be guided directly to targets as opposed to the sometimes haphazard patrols currently conducted. The sailings of Ghana’s fleet will now be more mission oriented, increasing effectiveness and efficiency, as fuel will not be spent unnecessarily.
Collaborating with the maritime industry: Our navy has established an informal means of gathering information about the maritime domain from Ghana’s fishing and merchant fleets, and others who operate in the domain. Information about any suspicious activities is quickly relayed to the Navy for prompt action.
Cooperation with neighboring navies: Because of the transnational nature of many criminal enterprises, no one country can successfully fight maritime crime alone. Ghana’s navy is pursuing subregional maritime cooperation with sister navies through training and exchange of information and visits to enhance safety and security.
If the Ghana Armed Forces are able to bring on board effective training and are allocated sufficient resources, our force readiness will be improved dramatically.