The problem with promises of ideal warfare is that they ignore the harsh realities of war .
The air-sea battle (ASB) concept is misunderstood and remains problematic for the U.S. military and allied audiences because of its long list of disclaimers and its kill-chain (i.e., technical) approach to war. The unfortunate paradox is that the more military officials attempt to clarify a kill-chain approach, the more they muddle the operational and strategic way ahead for the joint force. 1 The use of disclaimers tangled with kill-chain effects—looking at weapon links and attacking the vulnerable parts—reflects an exceedingly tactical approach. In the process, as strategist Colin Gray has observed, war with all of its inherent complexities is reduced to warfare (fighting). 2 History is replete with examples where conceptions of warfare promised much but delivered little, because of a failure to consider all operational variables: