How can the national investment in ocean sciences get maximum value in a time of reduced budgets? Through its minimizing of duplication and waste, the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) is a large part of the solution.
Since its founding in 2002, the IOOS program has grown into an international enterprise that is delivering benefits every day. Led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the program consists of 18 national agencies and institutions and 11 regional associations that serve a broad constituency of ocean, coastal, and estuarine communities. The regional associations include state, local, and tribal governments, academia, and private-sector organizations.