Combat Fleets

By Eric Wertheim

 


On 1 February Taiwan retired its oldest amphibious landing craft from service. The Chung Hai originally had entered U.S. Navy service in 1944 as LST-755. She served the United States for two years, earning two battle stars for her World War II efforts at the Lingayen Gulf and the Mindanao landings in 1945. Transferred to China in 1946, the vessel later formed an important element of Taiwan's amphibious-assault fleet, and remained in service for more than 60 years. Along with numerous Taiwanese sisters, the Chung Hai was upgraded and modernized several times during the course of her career. While operational she displaced some 4,000 tons fully loaded and was armed with a wide variety of guns ranging in size from 12.7-mm to 40-mm.

Mr. Wertheim, a defense consultant in the Washington, D.C., area, is the author of The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World, 15th Edition, currently available from the Naval Institute Press at www.usni.org.
 

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