Memo to Navy leaders still hanging on the coattails of Alfred Thayer Mahan's century-old world view: Wake Up!
Political economist Francis Fukuyama's end-of-history concept was a popular notion that rose to prominence in the turbulent 1990s with the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the idea that the triumph of liberal democratic principles represented the ultimate (and final) form of human development. This view, although appealing in the glow of Cold War victory, was almost completely wrong. The world remained as dangerous a place as ever with the emergence of new, equally significant threats-threats that theory largely ignored. There were a number of reasons for this.