On 3 June 1999, when Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig raised the prospect of women in submarines at the Naval Submarine League Symposium, I was in the audience. A silent, unbelieving gasp seemed to hang on the announcement. Subsequent fallout in the press has been spirited. In September, Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Jay Johnson and Director of Naval Nuclear Propulsion Admiral Frank Bowman both spoke out against the idea. On 20 September 1999, a policy statement was released: "The Navy's policy of not assigning women to submarines remains unchanged."