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Murray, Stuart S. (1898-1980)

Catalog Title: 
Murray, Adm. Stuart S., U.S. Navy (Ret.)

Admiral Stuart S. Murray,<br />

Murray, Stuart S. (1898-1980)
Admiral, U.S. Navy (Retired)

Based on eight interviews conducted by Etta-Belle Kitchen from May 1970 through May 1971. The volume contains 450 pages of interview transcript plus an index. The transcript is copyright 2001 by the U.S. Naval Institute; the interviewee has placed no restrictions on its use. This is a revised version of the original, which was issued in 1974. The new version has been retyped, annotated with footnotes, and given a detailed index.

An early submariner, Murray was involved in the construction of the submarine base at Pearl Harbor in the early 1920s. He commanded the submarines R-17 (SS-94), L-8 (SS-48), R-13, and S-9 (SS?114). In the 1920s he served in the battleships Arkansas (BB-33) and New York (BB-34) and was an instructor at the Naval Academy. In the 1930s he commanded the submarine S-44, served at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, commanded the submarine Porpoise (SS-172), was damage control officer in the heavy cruiser Portland (CA-33), and was a submarine detailer in the Bureau of Navigation. When the Japanese attacked in 1941, he was commander of Submarine Division 15 at Manila, participating in the defense of the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies. His next assignment was chief of staff and aide to Commander Submarine Force, Southwest Pacific. In 1943 he became chief of staff to Charles Lockwood, Commander Submarine Force Pacific Fleet. In 1944-45 Murray was commandant of midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy. In the spring of 1945 he took command of the battleship Missouri (BB-63), flagship of Admiral William Halsey, Commander Third Fleet. After relating the ship's wartime activities, including bombardments against Honshu, Hokkaido, and Okinawa, he then provides a marvelously detailed description of the events leading up to and during the Japanese surrender ceremony on board the Missouri on 2 September 1945. In November 1945, as a newly selected rear admiral, he was ordered to Commander Seventh Fleet for duty with the survey for forming the U.S. Advisory Group to China. Subsequent flag billets included the following: 1948-49, Pearl Harbor Naval Base; in 1949-50 Commander Amphibious Training Command Atlantic Fleet; 1950-52, Commander Submarine Force Atlantic Fleet; 1952-54, Commandant of the 14th Naval District in Hawaii; 1954-56 as Naval Inspector General. He retired from active duty in 1956 and later worked as a consultant for the Rand Corporation.


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