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Okinawa

 

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See: Taiwan Patrol Force;

(ADM George W. Anderson, Jr., Volume I)

 

Support of invasion by the destroyer Franks (DD-554) in March-April 1945, 192-6

(Mr. Michael J. Bak, Jr.)

 

Work of a logistic support company of black sailors on Okinawa in 1945, 64-5, 85-7; while serving on Okinawa, an enlisted sentry failed to show Barnes the respect due an officer, 74-6; white officers got up and left the officers' club when Barnes entered, 82-5, 117-8; two devastating typhoons hit the island in late 1945, shortly after the end of World War II, 87-9; procedure for burying Okinawans in crypts, then in caves, 89

(Dr. Samuel E. Barnes)

 

P. 158; a major objective of U.S. in ongoing march to the Japanese mainland, 162; 174-5; cooperation achieved in rescue operations at Okinawa, 176

(ADM Chester R. Bender, USCG)

 

Description of U.S.-run government in 1953, 475-6

(RADM Roy S. Benson, Volume II)

 

USS Franklin (CV-13) prepares for Okinawa campaign in early 1945, 131; USS Randolph (CV-15) operates in support of troops ashore, 139, 145

(VADM Gerald F. Bogan)

 

Operations around this island by the patrol craft PCE(R)-858 in 1945, 228, 232

(Mr. Roger L. Bond)

 

First aerial attach of task force planes on, 386; battle plans for attack, 422 ff; propaganda leaflets, 427-8; mining operations, 428-30, 437-8

(ADM Arleigh A. Burke, Volume I)

                

P. 411 ff; suitable base for planes attacking mainland of Japan, 412; price Navy paid, 422-3; discussion of timing for the campaign, 423-4

(VADM George C. Dyer)

 

Intelligence prior to U.S. invasion in 1945 included warnings about poisonous snakes on the island, but Eller encountered none while there, 9

(RADM Ernest M. Eller, Volume I)

                

Japanese built up Truk and Okinawa during World War II, 697; Eller assigned to the Panamint (AGC-13) for Okinawa operation in March-April 1945, 719-20, 726; Rear Admiral William Blandy's close-in, precise bombardment before the Okinawa landing in April 1945, 720-1; Rear Admiral Lawrence Reifsnider used the Panamint (AGC-13) as his flagship for, 720; Major General Roy Geiger's estimates of how long it would take his Third Corps, Marines, to reach Yontan airfield on during the invasion, 722, 724; Marine Corps headed beyond Yontan airfield during landing, 722, 725, 729; UDT's involvement in, 722; kamikazes used extensively on during invasion, 723, 725; Reifsnider's failed attempt to keep ships firing on only at close range, 723

(RADM Ernest M. Eller, Volume II)

 

President Eisenhower's announcement that island would revert to Japan eventually, 459; difficulty in basing the Marine Air Wing in Okinawa, 461

(ADM Harry D. Felt, Volume II)

 

Seaplane tender Salisbury Sound (AV-13), crewmen caught with U.S. Marines' Okinawan girlfriends in the mid-1950s, 692-3

(RADM Francis D. Foley, Volume II)

 

Discussion of return of island to Japan, 382-3

(RADM Samuel B. Frankel)

 

Difficult racial climate in the late 1950s, 120-1

(VADM Samuel L. Gravely, Jr.)

 

Kamikaze attacks against U.S. ships involved in the Okinawa operation in the spring of 1945, 115-8; description of conditions when Hedding and Rear Admiral Forrest Sherman visited in the spring of 1945, 119-20

(VADM Truman J. Hedding)

                

Rickover sets up a ship repair facility in Okinawa, 129; 135-6

(VADM Edwin B. Hooper)

 

Pacific Fleet staff concerned with lack of proper airfield here in the mid-1950s, 199-200

(ADM John J. Hyland, Jr., Volume I)

                

P. 121; 126; 129

(VADM Andrew McBurney Jackson, Jr.)

 

Repair job in September 1945 on the battleship Pennsylvania (BB-38) after she had been torpedoes the previous month at Okinawa, 55-7

(CAPT Harry A. Jackson)

 

 

P. 625-6; 631; 663

(CAPT Stephen Jurika, Jr., Volume II)

 

Site for training beach jumpers, UDT, and SEAL units in the late 1960s, 287

(CAPT Francis R. Kaine)

 

P. 254; reconnaissance of Karama Retto anchorage - the kaiten boats, 256-7; the obstacles off the beaches of Okinawa, 259-63; taking of Iwo Jima, 265; the kamikaze, 269-73

(RADM Draper L. Kauffman)

 

Role of the light cruiser Mobile (CL-63) during the operation in 1945, 103-6, 108, 120-1, 124-7

(VADM Jerome King, Jr.)

 

Picture of invasion, 168; dealing with the reporters during invasion, 168

(VADM Fitzhugh Lee)

 

Invaded in April 1945 with support from the battleship New York (BB-34), 95-100; during the Okinawa campaign, the New York was hit and damaged on 14 April 1945 by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft, 97-101

(Mr. E. E. Logue)

 

Operations of battleship Colorado (BB-45) during the campaign for Okinawa in the spring of 1945, 66-8, 78

(ADM Robert L. J. Long)

 

Carrier aircraft supported the U.S. invasion of this island in February 1945, 31-33; Japanese use of kamikazes, 32-3

(ADM Frederick H. Michaelis)

 

News media coverage of the invasion of in April 1945, 146-147; woman reporter Dickey Chapelle went ashore to cover the invasion in 1945, even though prohibited from doing so, 149-51

(RADM Harold B. Miller)

 

P. 85-7; post-WW II base constructed there, 190-1; SEATO weapons demonstration held there in 1959, 242

(RADM Henry L. Miller, Volume I

)

 

Participation of the BB North Carolina, 206-7

(RADM Thomas H. Morton)

                

In the spring of 1945 was subjected to heavy kamikaze raids, 231-2, 236; use of radar by the battleship Missouri (BB-63) in the spring of 1945 for navigation around Okinawa, 232-4; bombardment of in the spring of 1945 by U.S. battleships, 237

(ADM Stuart S. Murray)

 

U.S. warships were based at Kerama Retto during the Okinawa operation in the spring of 1945, 604

(VADM Lloyd M. Mustin, Volume I)

 

Fast carrier task support of the U.S. invasion in the spring of 1945, 835-42, 857-9, 863-6; diversionary shore bombardment by U.S. battleships in March 1945, 842-6, 870; U.S. invasion of in April 1945, 845-6; Japanese use of suicide weapons in the island's defense in 1945, 846-8, 855, 862-6, 876

(VADM Lloyd M. Mustin, Volume II)

 

 

In the mid-1960s a group of officers from the air group of the aircraft carrier Bennington (CVS-20) wreaked havoc in a club at White Beach, 45; in the mid-1960s had the ashore headquarters of Patrol Force Seventh Fleet, 51-2

(RADM Oakley E. Osborn)

 

Hit by typhoons in the autumn of 1945, 57

(RADM Jackson K. Parker)

 

Carrier attacks in preparation for invasion, 123-6

(VADM Robert Burns Pirie)

 

Air support of the U.S. amphibious forces taking part in the conquest of this Pacific island in 1945, 136-7

(ADM Alfred M. Pride)

 

The large seaplane tender Salisbury Sound (AV-13) operated around Okinawa in the early 1960s, 228-9; concern about venereal disease, 229

(RADM James D. Ramage)

 

Army uses it as a repair base for equipment coming out of Vietnam, 531-2

(VADM Lawson P. Ramage)

 

Reagan recommended building a big concrete slab for the recreation of Navy personnel serving on the island in 1945, 64-5

(Mr. John W. Reagan)

    

The escort carrier Makassar Strait (CVE-91) was in a combat air support group for the operation in the spring of 1945, 141-50, 162, 165-6; kamikaze attacks reached a peak during the operation, 141-50; the British Pacific Fleet's first combat assignment was at Sakishima Gunto, Okinawa's back door, in the spring 1945, 162-3, 297; a Marine air group set up a field on Okinawa late in the spring of 1945, 165-6

(VADM Herbert D. Riley)

 

P. 294-5

(ADM Horatio Rivero, Jr.)

 

P. 206

(ADM James S. Russell)

         

P. 68

(VADM Robert S. Salzer)

 

The submarine Sterlet (SS-392) picked up downed naval aviators off Okinawa late in World War II, 80-2

(CAPT Paul R. Schratz)

 

Participation of the cruiser St. Louis (CL-49) and other ships in the 1945 operation, 73-4, 76-82

(RADM Doniphan B. Shelton)

 

See entry under USS Brush

(VADM J. Victor Smith)

 

Problems in port security at Naha, 252; smuggling, 253-4

(ADM Willard J. Smith, USCG)

 

P. 495; stopover of Ballentine and Smith-Hutton en route to Japan (Aug. 1945), 496

(CAPT Henri H. Smith-Hutton, Volume II)

 

P. 161-3; concerted attack of kamikaze, 163; call fire for destroyers, 173-4; Japanese tactics, 174; Smoot goes ashore, 175

(VADM Roland N. Smoot)

 

Discussion in the late 1960s of cultural differences between people on the island, 128-9

(RADM Neil M. Stevenson, CHC)

 

Charles Carroll (APA-28) participated in landings in the spring of 1945, 261, 262-4; when a United Nations committee considered giving away trusteeship of Okinawa in January 1946, someone leaked the story to the press, 272-3

(RADM Elliott B. Strauss)

 

Headquarters for Strean as C.O. of the Taiwan Patrol Force, 339 ff; the typhoon, 348-51

(VADM Bernard M. Strean)

 

Served as the home base for the commander of the U.S. Taiwan Patrol Force in the late 1950s, 209-10, 217-8; base for patrol force aircraft, 211, 213; visited by Admiral Arleigh Burke, Chief of Naval Operations, in the late 1950s, 213, 215-6

(VADM Paul D. Stroop)

 

Air attack on in preparation for landing at Leyte Gulf, 358-9; 447; Thach's comments about being tied to one spot and being vulnerable to the enemy as a result, 448;

(ADM John S. Thach, Volume I)

 

Destination of the 27th Battalion after stay at Camp Parks, 181 ff; getting settled, 188-9; the 27th Battalion constructs Route 1 from Naha to the south, also a supply depot - in addition quarters for the natives in the NE sector, 191-2; use of DDT in eliminating flies, 195; the effects of a big typhoon, 216 ff

(CAPT Willard G. Triest, CEC)

 

USS Chenango acts as escort for the First Marines – leaving Guadalcanal for Okinawa, 501, 509; Oldendorf's role at Okinawa, 534-6; Oldendorf changes flagships in Buckner Bay, 540; typhoon heads for island, 550 ff; results of this storm, 554-5

(RADM George van Deurs)

 

Description of the kamikaze damage sustained by the destroyer Laffey off Okinawa in the spring of 1945, 108-9

(RADM Odale D. Waters, Jr.)

 

Iowa embarks contingent of SeaBees from, for demobilization, 251

(VADM Charles Wellborn, Jr.)

 

The destroyer Sigsbee (DD-502) was damaged by a Japanese kamikaze at Okinawa in April 1945, 115-6

(VADM Thomas R. Weschler, Volume I)

 

Because of atmospheric phenomena, in 1945 men on board the rocket-equipped landing craft LCI(R)-225 in the Philippines were able to hear radio conversations from Okinawa, hundreds of miles away, 71, 90; in the autumn of 1945 typhoons plastered the island, 91-6; site of exams in 1945 by which Williams became a regular officer, 95-7

(VADM Joe Williams, Jr.)

 

In 1965 served as a way station for Marines and Navy medical personnel en route to Vietnam, 72-3

(RADM Almon Wilson, MC)

 

  

U.S. naval facilities on island, 191; problem of Marines training in Japan, on slopes of Fujiyama, 191

(RADM Frederic S. Withington)

                

DesRon 57 operates off Okinawa at end of war, 309 ff; escort duty in connection with typhoon, 313 ff

(RADM Joseph M. Worthington)

                

Site of operations by the buoy tender Ironwood (WLB-297) in the mid-1950s, 85-6, 95-6

(ADM Paul A. Yost, Jr., USCG)

 

 

 

See the full Naval Institute guide to The Pacific.


 
 

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