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Guadalcanal

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Because of previous damage to the guns of turret two in the battleship South Dakota (BB-57), they were not fired during a night battle in mid-November 1942, 147-148; South Dakota damage and crew casualties as a result of the battle, 149, 153-155, 164-165; interaction between South Dakota and Washington (BB-56) following the battle, 150-153, 155-157; formation of American ships, 157-158; treatment of survivors in the water after the battle, 161
(CDR Paul H. Backus)

Report of newspaperman Baldwin's trip to the South Pacific in the autumn of 1942 and the sensational articles that resulted, 344-361; Baldwin's view of Admiral Ernest King on the ""hot seat"" for pushing the invasion of Guadalcanal, 359
(Mr. Hanson W. Baldwin, Volume I)

Bauernschmidt discouraged ship-jumping at San Francisco in World War II by sending the offenders to Guadalcanal, 135-136
(RADM George W. Bauernschmidt, SC)

The carrier Saratoga (CV-3) patrolled off Guadalcanal in late 1942, 79-80
(VADM Gerald F. Bogan)

U.S. destroyers patrolled in the Solomon Islands in late 1942 when the Japanese were running the Tokyo Express to the area, 56-62; fighter pilots sprayed the brush at the end of a runway to counteract snipers, 58; the captain and embarked flag officer in the aircraft carrier Saratoga (CV-3) disagreed about counter-flooding the ship after she was torpedoed off Guadalcanal in August 1942, 107-108
(Mr. Roger L. Bond)

The light cruiser Helena (CL-50) was assigned to protect Marines on Guadalcanal in late 1942, 52; naval battle of Guadalcanal in November 1942, 57-60; aftermath of the battle, 60-64
(VADM John L. Chew)

A DC-3 Skytrain Transport aircraft that arrived at Guadalcanal in April 1943 during a Japanese air attack, 51-52; availability of ammunition, 53, 56; site of an ammunition dump explosion in World War II, 55; in December 1942 conditions on the island were miserable for American forces, 55-57; gradual improvement of the island, 57; coast watchers provided valuable information, 60-62; conditions for the local populace in wartime, 63-64
(VADM John B. Colwell)

Operations of the battleship North Carolina (BB-55) during the summer of 1942 while in support of the campaign, 115-117; on 15 September 1942, the Japanese submarine I-19 torpedoed the North Carolina (BB-55) and the aircraft carrier Wasp (CV-7), 117-119; night battle in November 1942 involved the battleships Washington (BB-56) and South Dakota (BB-57), 124
(RADM Julian T. Burke)

Rear Admiral Willis Lee defeated a Japanese surface force in November 1942, 495-496; Admiral Ernest King initiated plans in 1942 for campaign on, 567-569; Japanese began work on an airfield there in mid 1942, 569-570; U.S. Marine landing in August 1942, 570-571; initial U.S. naval operations in the area in 1942, 574-577; conditions of Henderson airfield, 578-579; cruiser skipper gave differing accounts of his observations during the Battle of Cape Esperance in October 1942, 583-584; anecdote about Vice Admiral William Halsey and Major General Alexander Vandegrift's dinner meeting there in late 1942, 590-591; Admiral Chester Nimitz visited in late October/early November 1942, 591; night surface actions in late 1942, 591-593; men near point of starvation in late 1942, 598-599; malaria and dysentery, 599-601; ad hoc repair work of the cruisers New Orleans (CA-32), the Minneapolis (CA-36), and the Pensacola (CA-24) by Captain Roy Cowdrey in December 1942, 602-603; horrendous problem of mosquitoes on, 607; misinformation about how much materiel and manpower needed in, 626-627
(RADM Ernest M. Eller, Volume II)

The aircraft carrier Saratoga (CV-3) remained in the area to provide air support during the August 1942 amphibious landings despite a directive to protect the carrier at all costs, 106-108; the Saratoga's planes landed at Henderson Field during the Eastern Solomons action, 109-110
(ADM Harry D. Felt)

The carrier Hornet (CV-8) was sent in support of operation in mid-1942, 362-364; control of Henderson Field in the balance during October 1942 Santa Cruz action, 396; Foley predicted Japanese strategy in early 1943, 417-418, 426; terrifying "rake" attacks in early 1943, 419-420; Marines built foxholes for their own use, 420; naval officers bribed Seabees to built shelter, 421-422; aircraft at Guadalcanal in early 1943, 422-425; aerial mining at Bougainville, 425; armed guard needed for beer shipment, 436-438; evacuating Japanese prisoners, 435-436
(RADM Francis D. Foley, Volume I)

Postwar interrogation of the chief of staff to Vice Gunichi Mikawa during the August 1942 Battle of Savo Island, 148-149
(VADM Truman J. Hedding)

Problems with malaria and filariasis in late 1943, 61-62, 65-66; resupply situation, 64-65
(Captain Glyn Jones, CHC)

Jurika hunted and fished in the wilds of Guadalcanal in 1942-43, despite Japanese stragglers, 536-537; food supplies at Guadalcanal, 548
(Captain Stephen Jurika)

The destroyer Duncan (DD-485) was sunk in the Battle of Cape Esperance in October 1942, 59
(VADM Robert T. S. Keith)

Planes from the carrier Essex (CV-9) attacked Rabaul in November 1943 as part of the campaign to support Guadalcanal, 90-92
(VADM Fitzhugh Lee)

Used as practice target for amphibious landing on Peleliu, 133; Admiral Ernest King realized the strategic importance of this then-unknown island, 138
(VADM Ruthven E. Libby)

1st Marine Raider Battalion embarked on high-speed transports (APDs) practice for assault on Fiji Islands in July 1942, 85-86; success of Marine landings from Melhorn's APD squadron, 86-88; action on board high-speed transport Colhoun (APD-2), 88-90; buildup on Lunga Point on 12 November 1942 for major engagement the following day, 93-94; unsuccessful PT attempt to intercept Japanese on the night of 12-13 November, 97-99; on their way to Tulagi, Melhorn and his mechanics narrowly missed being caught between Japanese and American forces and were able to view fighting on 13 November 1942, between American and Japanese battleships proved to be decisive battle for holding Guadalcanal, 99-101; Battle of Tassafaronga, 102-103
(CDR Charles M. Melhorn)

Preparations for the invasion in the summer of 1942, 486-488; naval support of the landings and subsequent operations in 1942, 488-490, 493-497, 505, 554-568; Battle of Savo Island in August 1942, 490-492, 494-496, 532-533; Battle of the Eastern Solomons in August 1942, 498-504, 527; shortage of logistic support during the campaign, 507-508; Battle of Cape Esperance in October 1942, 511-515, 522, 529; Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in October 1942, 533-536; bombardment of by Japanese ships, 518-519, 527, 614; aircraft operations from the island, 538-540, 606-607, 614-616, 631-632; naval battles in the vicinity in late 1942, 226-227, 490-492, 494-496, 532-533, 568-613; night surface action of 12-13 November 1942 and its aftermath, 568-613, 661-663, 684-685; Battle of Tassafaronga, November-December 1942, 226-227, 629-633, 641-644, 673-674; living conditions ashore in 1942-43, 614-618, 621-623, 627-629, 646-649, 665-670; served as headquarters in 1942-43 for Commander Naval Bases Solomons, 613, 623-670; PT boat operations in 1942, 619, 631-633, 650-655, 657-658, 664, 669-670
(VADM Lloyd M. Mustin, Volume I)

Patrol squadron commanding officer's observations on PBY support of Guadalcanal campaign from Noumea and Espiritu Santo in the summer and fall of 1942, 90-98
(CAPT James R. Ogden)

A supply of mimeograph paper destined for Rear Admiral Kelly Turner's op orders on Guadalcanal was found at a Navy Air Transport terminal in Noumea in late 1942, apparently higher priority than spare parts, 95; need stressed to Marines on Guadalcanal to salvage as many airplanes as possible, 96; Pirie visited Chesty Puller in late 1942, 97-98
(VADM Robert Burns Pirie)

Commander Air South Pacific, Rear Admiral Fitch, was promised—and received—B-24 bombers for use at Guadalcanal in 1942, 122
(VADM Charles A. Pownall)

The disastrous Battle of Savo Island that sank four Allied cruisers in August 1942 was the result of the rigid prewar way of thinking, 18, 60-61; invasion of in August 1942 was supported by the aircraft carrier Saratoga (CV-3), 59-61; shore-based aircraft operations from the island in late 1942, 62-64, 74-75; action in the August 1942 Battle of the Eastern Solomons, 65, 67-68; living conditions for U.S. personnel on the island in late 1942, 71-73
(VADM David C. Richardson)

Riley flew Marine F4F Wildcats on combat air patrol from the island in November 1942, 171-172
(VADM Herbert D. Riley)

General quarters planning on board the light cruiser San Juan (CL-54) as she approached Guadalcanal in August 1942, 127-128; gunfire support of the Tulagi landing, 128-131; evaluation of Rear Admiral Kelly Turner's strategy, 131-132; speculation on Japanese strategy, 132-134; Battle of Santa Cruz Islands in October 1942, 136; Rear Admiral Willis Lee's successful night battle in November 1942, 137-138
(ADM Horacio Rivero)

In August of 1942 a U.S. Marine recovered a codebook hidden by Japanese prior to their hasty retreat, with the negative effect of prompting a new code by the enemy, 118-119
(CAPT Joseph J. Rochefort)

Support of the Guadalcanal operation in the summer and fall of 1942 by the destroyer Stack (DD-406), 59-68
(ADM Harold E. Shear)

The island was deceptively quiet before the August 1942 landings, 94-96; destroyer Monssen (DD-436) was sent to provide shore bombardment in support of Marines on Tulagi and Guadalcanal on 8 August 1942, 94-96; Smoot's evaluation of U.S. strategy in the Savo Island action on 9 August 1942, 96-99
(VADM Roland N. Smoot)

Under Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal visited the South Pacific in September 1942 and recommended command changes, 124-127; shore-based Navy planes in late 1942, after their carriers had been sunk, 129; underwent heavy bombardment from Japanese warships in October 1942, 130-132
(VADM Paul D. Stroop)

U.S. troops relied on desalinized water after landing in August 1942, 73; action at Guadalcanal deflected interest from Espiritu Santo while U.S. airfields were under construction there, 79; Triest arrived on Guadalcanal during a storm in 1944, 91-92; consolidation of Seabee units on the island, 100; rebuilding of a bridge washed out by a storm, 110-117; evaluation of a native of Guadalcanal, 132; Americans and natives damaged the Japanese gasoline supply, 133-134
(CAPT Willard G. Triest, CEC)

As plans officer on the staff of Commander Air Forces South Pacific in 1943, Van Deurs established a table of plane characteristics that was widely used, 407-409, 416-417; all planes in the area that could be spared were sent to Guadalcanal in 1943 to mount an attack on Rabaul, 410-411; used as an advance base for Admiral William Halsey, 419; cooperation between Black Cat pilots and PT boats in 1943-44; General Billy Mitchell sent smoked trout to the mess in the mid-1940s, 443; relationships of Marine aviators on Guadalcanal, 443-444; Guadalcanal Marines practiced for the assault on Okinawa in early 1945, 501-503; description of the camp on Guadalcanal in February 1945, 502; Rear Admiral Aubrey Fitch took cover in foxhole that had recently been used as a latrine, 506
(RADM George van Deurs)

The battleship North Carolina (BB-55) landed Marines in the initial invasion on 7 August 1942, 34-35; Japanese bombed Americans on Guadalcanal in mid-1942, 36; air actions during the campaign, 43-45; assessment of Admiral William Halsey's strategy, 45-46
(ADM Alfred G. Ward)

Vice Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher withdrew aircraft carrier support early during the invasion of Guadalcanal in August 1942, 86-89; disastrous Battle of Savo Island in early August 1942, 88-89; postwar analysis of the Savo Island action by Rear Admiral Richard Bates, 207-208
(VADM Thomas R. Weschler, Volume I)

Role of the destroyer Benham (DD-397) during the 8-9 August 1942 August action off Guadalcanal and subsequent operations in the area, 212-224
(RADM Joseph M. Worthington)

On board the destroyer Fletcher (DD-445) during the November 1942 night surface action off Guadalcanal, Wylie made sketches of what he saw on the radarscope, 37; in December 1942 the Fletcher recovered hundreds of men from the water after the sinking of the heavy cruiser Northampton (CA-26) off Guadalcanal, 51-52, 55-56; in early 1943 the destroyer minesweeper Trever (DMS-16) delivered supplies to Marines on Guadalcanal, 29; the volume also contains a useful appendix concerning Guadalcanal.
(RADM Joseph C. Wylie)

Role of the Navy ships in support of the invasion and subsequent operations in 1942, 63-77; Battle of Savo Island in August 1942, 66-69, 76; role of Marines in 1942 during the amphibious landings and subsequent operations ashore, 64, 67-68, 70-71, 132
(ADM Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr.)

 

 

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